Ceramic stoves: ecology and tradition

Ceramic stoves: ecology and tradition

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Born several centuries ago, the ceramic stove or tiled stove, with the development of wood energy, has more than ever a bright future ahead of it. Marcel Lantz, CEO of the Oliger company, explains everything to us. Interview by Bérangère Larivaud

What is the origin of ceramic stoves?

Ceramic stoves, also known as tiled stoves, were born in Austria in the 14th century. They date from the first glazed terracotta. In Alsace, their manufacture started in the 18th century. Very ornate and sophisticated, they were the stoves of the wealthy. The most beautiful were in the castles. The poor were content with cast iron stoves. Ceramic stoves developed until the start of the Second World War. But with the arrival of fuel oil and electric heating, their manufacture has almost stopped. The oil shock in the 1970s prompted artisans and companies like us, Oliger, to resume manufacturing these traditional stoves.

What is the operating principle of ceramic stoves?

There are two types of ceramic stoves. Inertia or continuous heat stoves. It is the most manufactured category. 40% of the heat released comes from the hot air produced at the time of ignition and 60% comes from the heat accumulated in the earthenware, which is then restored by radiation in the room for a dozen hours. The big advantage of these inertia stoves is that you can adjust their intensity according to the needs of the day. Mass stoves or slow-stoves, which come from the Nordic countries, heat only by radiation. We have a good outbreak for one to three hours. The heat is stored in the mass of the stove which then releases the heat for a dozen hours. But this type of stove is very heavy and bulky and you cannot adjust the intensity.

What do these stoves look like?

They are made of 6 cm thick terracotta, the formula of which differs depending on the manufacturer. Mass stoves are thicker. The traditional ceramic stoves are covered with colored and structured earthenware elements, with reliefs and hollows and ornamental patterns, especially flowers but also figures. Customers can choose the color to match with their interior. Today, we also offer ceramic stoves with contemporary lines. They are smoother, more square and have less reliefs.

What is the price of a ceramic stove?

For an inertia stove, it takes an average of € 5,000 poses included and therefore with VAT at 5.5%. For a mass stove, the average is around € 10,000, again including installation. The stove is manufactured in a factory kit and assembled at the customer's premises in one day.

Do ceramic stoves benefit from a tax credit?

Yes, if they carry the Green Flame label or if they comply with the EN - NF 13 240 standard. In 2009, the tax credit was 40%. In 2010, it increased to 25%. However, if confirmed by the Senate, it should remain at 40% since it involves replacing an existing stove.To know more : www.oliger.com


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